IELTS – General Training
“For immigration purpose.”
The General Training format focuses on basic survival skills in broad social and workplace contexts. It is typically for those who are going to English-speaking countries to do for immigration, settlements, work experience or training programs. People migrating to Australia, Canada and New Zealand must sit in the General Training test Module.
GT modules are in four parts;-listening, reading, writing and speaking modules.
The IELTS Listening Test is the same for the Academic and General Training modules. The candidates will listen to a tape and answer a series of questions. The tape will be played ONCE only. The General Training Listening test is in four sections with 10 questions in each (ie: a total of 40 questions) and will last for about 30 minutes with an extra 10 minutes at the end to transfer answers to the answer sheet.
• The entire listening test consists of 4 sections; you are allowed to hear the tape only once. There are about 40 questions in complete test exam.
• The listening test become more difficult as you progress through the test.
⦁ Section 1 is mainly based on social or life situations: for example, a library enrolment form a job application, travel arrangements, visiting a new city or making arrangements to go out. These conversations are between at least two speakers.
⦁ Section 2 is also based on social or life situations same as in section 1 but you come across with mix discussions: for example, may be the class discussion is about previous lecture, a news broadcast, job interview or a description of college facilities. This is usually a passage with only two to three people conversation.
⦁ Section 3 becomes harder it is usually based on education related as well as training situations: for example, a small group of students planning a new project, a tutor and a student discussing about career options. This is often a logical conversation two or three speakers are involved.
⦁ Spelling is one of important part in the Listening test module, you must spell words correctly when they are spelt out for you on the tape recording.
⦁ Section 4 is always based on educational training or research based presentation, where the candidate faces more difficulties: for example, a lecture or a talk of generalacademic interests.
⦁ Your answers need to be legible and clear to understand, they must be able to be read. This applies to all the typesof answers you give: letters, names, numbers and phrases.
⦁ You should write your answers on the question paper booklet as you do the Listening test module, when listening iscompleted then you have 10 minutes to transfer your answers carefully onto the Answer Sheet provided. Make surethat each answer is transferred accurately and is legible for the examiners.
A variety of question types is used in the General Training Listening Test. Questions types that you will see will usually come from the following list:
⦁ multiple choice
⦁ short answer
⦁ sentence completion
⦁ Notes / diagram / flow chart completion
There are Usually 3 Reading Passages. Each Passage is consist of 2000 to 2700 Words and length of Questions are about 1 to 14 is estimated in Each Passage. Overall 40 Questions, They are divided into 3 Passages. These Reading Passages Text is taken from Magazines, Books, Newspapers as well as Journals. All these written materials are for a Non-Specialists audience around the Globe. They may contain Visual Ads & Materials Such as Graphs, Diagrams or illustrations, and deal with issues that are Appropriate and accessible to all Candidates entering under or Postgraduate courses Program. One of text is consist of a detailed and Logical Arguments.
Test Format – Academic Writing (60 minutes)
The Writing component of IELTS Academic includes two tasks. Topics are of general interest to, and suitable for test takers entering undergraduate and postgraduate studies or seeking professional registration.
You will be presented with a graph, table, chart or diagram and asked to describe, summarise or explain the information in your own words. You may be asked to describe and explain data, describe the stages of a process, how something works or describe an object or event.
You will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. Responses to both tasks must be in a formal style
Most students know that essays should start with an introduction and end with a conclusion. However, beginning and ending the essay is often far more difficult than writing the main body. Introductions are especially difficult because they give the examiner his or her first impression of your essay writing skills. Conclusions are the last thing the examiner will read before deciding your grade! Therefore, it’s important to know what should and should not be included in each of these sections.
The purpose of an introduction is to clarify what you understand the title to mean. You may also want tomention briefly why this is an important issue. Finally you need to outline how you intend to answer the question. Let’s examine each of these ideas in more detail.
1. Clarifying the meaning of the title
What are you being asked to do? Define any keywords. If there are no words which require a definition, it is still a good idea to interpret any keywords in the title. Look at this essay title,
Illiteracy has traditionally been viewed as a third world problem. However, in developed countries, illiteracy is increasing. Examine possible causes for this and its effect on society.
You should define ‘illiteracy’ in the introduction. It’s also important to make it clear that you understand the difference between ‘third world’ and ‘developed’ countries. You also might want to interpret the word ‘society’. What exactly does ‘society’ mean in the context of this essay? Clarifying this will help you to write a focused, relevant essay.
2. Mention briefly why this is an important issue.
You may want to include one sentence addressing why this issue is interesting or important, and to whom. However, take care. Students often begin essays with a statement such as ‘Illiteracy is a hot topic in today’s society’. Try to avoid this. It sounds as if you are reciting a phrase you have learnt and you are not thinking about the issue itself. Consider why illiteracy is important, who it affects and whose job it is to solve the problem.
3. Outline how you intend to answer the question
This is a very important part of the introduction. The last sentence of your introduction should outline exactly what you aim to do in your essay, and how you aim to do it. This sentence is called the Thesis Statement. The thesis statement is very similar to the title. For example, a suitable thesis statement for the title above could be:
This essay will firstly describe some reasons why illiteracy is increasing in developed countries, and then examine the effect of illiteracy on society.
A good thesis statement will show the reader how the essay will be structured. For example, by reading the thesis statement above, the examiner will know the number of sections in the essay, and the topic of each paragraph. He or she will also know that the writer understands the question in the title and is addressing it directly. Obviously, you cannot write a good thesis statement unless you have planned your essay outline first.
One more important thing to remember is that you must not start answering the question in the introduction. Do this in the main body of the essay.
Conclusions are actually quite simple. The purpose of the conclusion is to answer the question in the title. Do this by referring to the points you have already made in the main body. Don’t repeat whole sentences, just summarize the main points. It is also important that you do not raise any new ideas in the conclusion. The conclusion need not be long. Keep it brief and make sure it is directly related to the question.